As of Tuesday, October 16, 2018
To the editor:
Thank you for the story published in the Chronicle on Oct. 6 about our Veterans who served in World War I. It meant a lot to our family, as we had two great-uncles who served as part of the AEF (American Expeditionary Force) in France.
However, let us be accurate in our reporting: the Central Powers whom we fought against consisted of Imperial Germany, Austria/Hungary Empire and the Ottoman Empire. The Entente powers consisted of England, France, Imperial Russia (not the Soviet Union), Australia, New Zealand, Canada, India, Italy and Japan (Japan was on our side to gain territory by occupying German holdings in the far east.) The U.S. was neutral until it joined the Entente powers in 1917.
The Soviet Union did not come about until after 1920. Czar Nicholas II abdicated in early 1917, and in early 1918 the Bolsheviks revolted and sued for peace with Germany.
After a civil war between the imperial forces and the Bolsheviks the army consolidated the country and formed the Communist Party and the Soviet Union in 1920.
In addition to combat losses during the war, the United States also lost troops in northern Russia and Siberia until 1919 and 1920. As stated, we did not sign the Peace Treaty of Versailles, but did sign a separate treaty in 1921 after our troops left Russian territories. Because of the Treaty of Versailles, the foundations for the causes of World War II, 20 years later, were created.